The Fourth Power Dimension is based on Foucauldian philosophy, which is composed of two parts. We can see characteristics of subjects with respect to power, especially the power of the fourth dimension. The first three aspects correspond to the first three dimensions, while the fourth power dimension comes out of Foucauldian thought. In Part II, we discuss the fourth power dimension, which comes from Foucaults thinking ; furthermore, two views on the subjects are distinguished. A review of the first three dimensions provides a framework for differentiating what kinds of power Foucault is talking about. The first section is a primer on discussing power within the first three dimensions. The fourth section presents a number of works on power in organizations drawn from the revised four dimensions. The organizational subject is one way to make sense of part two of the fourth dimension of power. In this sense, the first three dimensions are the ones developed by Lukes, while the fourth power dimension, which Hardy calls a system of authority, belongs to Foucauldian thought in the sense of submission, an exercise of unseen, unconscious power. The fourth power dimension opens up a path towards a variety and more ambiguous forms of subversion. Just as the square root subverts the square, so too does the cube root subvert the cube, and the fourth root subverts raising things to the fourth power, etc. We can raise numbers to powers beyond 2; we can cube things , raise them to the fourth power , raise them to the hundredth power, etc. Similarly, we can take the cube root of a number, the fourth root, the 100th root, and so on. If we took all this up to squared powers, it is as though you took each one up to second powers. We are just going to take the two times x times y squared times x multiplied by four times y squared times three times x squared times y squared. This is equal right over here A to 3 plus 3 plus 3 plus 3 powers, and that is equal to A to 3 times 4 powers, or A to the 12th power. I am going to tell you now--and it may sound really counterintuitive--it is equal to 1, or 1 to the third power is equal to 1. Just from what we went over right there, this piece right over here, three times 3, three times, that piece right over here is three to the third power. That, right here, you can explain it is 3x to the third power. This is going to be a really big number, but I wanted to write this down as power 6. Just as a recap on properties that we learned in this video up until now, other than just recapping what is exponent, if I have x at power a times x at power b, that is going to be equal to x at power a plus power b. Then the final property we just came across is, if you have x to the a power, then raise it to the bth power, that is equal to x to the a time b. We can append an exponent, x to 1 plus 4 plus 2 powers, and I am going to append the x to in the next step. During the American Revolution, this Fourth Estate was critical in the distribution of information, with newspapers being a means. The Fourth Estate referred to the watchdog role the press played, which was essential for the functioning of the democratic press. The terms Fourth Estate or Fourth Power refers to both the press and the journalistic medias clear advocacy capacities as well as their implied capacity to shape policy issues. Describing journalists and the news organizations they work for as members of the fourth estate is a recognition of their influence and position within a nations greatest powers, the writer William Safire once wrote. With a large rise of concentrated political power, there is an emerging need for the Fourth Estate in democracy, in which there is maintained transparency regarding information, news, and the public sphere. In stage two, the elite has a warrior-nobility nature; in stage three, we find the advent of an oligarchy with plutocratic and capitalist characteristics, such as those which arise within democracies; and the fourth and final elite is the collectivist and revolutionary leaders of a networked Fourth Estate. In England, three estates preceding the Fourth Estate were kings, the clergy, and the commoners. Burke said there were three estates in parliament, but there was in the Speakers gallery over there, the fourth, which was far more important than any of these. A small, vainglorious Horn, with human mouth and eyes, represented one particular King; on his ascent to power, three of the original Horns would be lost. The small horn that Daniel saw was the leader of the whole world, particularly noted because of the specific kings boasts and extent of power. He would try to alter time and laws, he would exercise oppressive authority for three and one-half years The terrible beast is the Roman empire, a world realm to come after Greece. Equivalent term, the Fourth Power, is somewhat rare in English, but is used in many European languages, including Italian , German , Spanish , and French , to denote a governments division of powers into legislative, executive, and judicial branches.