Bedouins

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Eps 7: Bedouins

CENTRAL ASIA THROUGH AFRICA

A number of additional Bedouin tribes reside in Saudi Arabia.
The city Arabic dialect shares with the Bedouin dialects gal 'to say' (qala); they also represent the bulk of modern urban dialects ( Koinés ), such as those of Oran and Algiers .
The Egyptian government did not see the land as belonging to Bedouin tribes, but rather as a state property.

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Tracy Bryant

Tracy Bryant

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The Bedouin are occasionally used to refer to a group of people in the Middle East and North Africa, especially in Iraq and Syria. They represent the majority of the population in the areas they inhabit, which are large, nomadic or former nomads with a lifestyle. The changes brought about by the discovery and development of oil fields in this region have led many of them to live a modern urban lifestyle accompanied by the attraction of material prosperity.
Bedouins are the second settlers in northern and central Arabia to claim descendants of Ishmael, known as Qayis. They are Arabs and desert nomads who come from and continue to live in the desert regions of the Middle East and North Africa, particularly in Iraq and Syria. Bedouin populations are widespread in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Yemen, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman and Yemen.
Most Bedouin are herders who migrate from the desert during the rainy season and move to farmed land. They live in the deserts, feed on rain crops, and inhabit areas that receive less than 5 centimetres of rain a year. Sometimes, they rely on pastures that feed on morning dew instead of rain to provide water for their animals.
Traditionally, the Bedouin tribes are classified according to the species that make up their livelihood.
Sheep and goat nomads have a small reach, stay in the cultivation areas and stay away from the agricultural and pastoral areas of the desert. The camel nomads occupied a vast area and were organized into two groups, the camels and the Bedouins, each with their own language, culture and religion. Since 6000 BC, the southern edge of the arid Syrian steppe has been inhabited by agricultural herdsmen.
There are many livestock farming societies that lived in the region at that time, but there is no evidence for the existence of many of them. Assyrian neighbours to the north are characterised by the presence of domesticated camels and the use of camel farming in agriculture. Around 850 BC, a people known as Raab, the ancestors of modern Arabs, established a network of oasis settlements and pastoral camps.
The Assyrians called the Bedouins Qedarites or Arabaa, a name that is still used for them today. The Bedouins were the descendants of the Naqab, to whom they were referred by the name of their ancient neighbors, the Nubians, in the north.
They are a semi-nomadic community that has historically engaged in livestock farming, pastoral and agriculture, as well as fishing, hunting and hunting.
Of the 92,000 Bedouins who lived in the Negev in 1947, only 11,500 remain today, according to the Israel Antiquities Authority. Palestinian Arabs identified mainly as Arabs from the West Bank, Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. In Orientalist historiography, they are called "Nege v'Bedouins" and until recently have remained largely unaffected by changes from outside. The term "BedOUin" has been used for a nomadic way of life since at least the late 19th century, particularly in Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Bedouin in the Midwest and Asia began to abandon traditional nomadic life in response to shrinking heat zones and growing populations and settle in cities in Midwest Asia. But recent scientists have challenged the notion that they are petrified as a reflection of an immutable desert culture.
Oil-producing Arab states Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates have also pushed most Bedouin to settle. Likewise, their oil production has led most Bedouin to settle. The Arab state that produces oil - the Middle East and North Africa or the Arabian Peninsula.
Moroccans speak the Hassaniyya dialect, and Levant residents speak Bedawi Arabic. Bedouin speak a dialect similar to that of the people of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, Iraq and Yemen.
Like other Arabs, Bedouins speak various dialects of Arabic, which belong to the Semitic language group. The other living language of this group is Arabic of the Middle East and North Africa, as well as the languages of Africa and South Asia. In 6000 BC, farmers and shepherds inhabited the southern edge of a dry Syrian steppe.
Semitic speakers born in the Middle East and North Africa, Africa and South Asia, as well as in Europe and Asia.
In the Middle East, non-Arab speaking nomads who are Bedouin live, and this group generally prefers the name Fedaan Bedoinen. The term "Bedouin" is traditionally used to distinguish between those who work on farms, live in cities, or earn a living by raising cattle.
Arab culture considers the Bedouins to be ideal Arabs, and since there is no resistance to Bedu Hadar specifically in the Arab cultural tradition, it is questionable whether the non-Arab-speaking shepherds of the Middle East should be called "Bedou in" or "Arab" in general. In many parts of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, such as Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Saudi Arabia and Tunisia, there are bedOUin societies that live in the rain - that is, in feed cultivation.